Dr. Shaw Chen Liu (Academician)
   Research Interest │ Awards Honors │ Professional Activities │ Publications │ 中文 │
Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica
Title:Distinguished Visiting Fellow, The 29th Academician, Academia Sinica
Mail Box:Nankang P.O. Box 1-48, Taipei, Taiwan, 11529 ROC
Address:128 Sec. 2, Academia Rd., Nankang Taipei, Taiwan 115 ROC
TEL:886-2-2653-7303 or 886-2-2653-9885 ext.:257
FAX:886-2-2788-0332
E-mail:shawliu@rcec.sinica.edu.tw

Personal Data
  Born April 26, 1944, Hopeh, China
  Married, one daughter, one son

Education
  BS (Physics), National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, 1966
  PhD (Physics), University of Pittsburgh, 1972

Employment

  1. Distinguished Research Fellow, Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica, 2013-Date
  2. Director and Distinguished Research Fellow, Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica, 2004-2012
  3. Distinguished Research Fellow, Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica, November 1999-Date.
  4. Chief, Environmental Change Research Project, Institute of Earth Sciences, Academia Sinica, November 1999-Date.
  5. Chinese Meteorological Academy, Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Changes, Co-Chair 2003-Date.
  6. Peking University, School of Environmental Sciences, Visiting Professor 2001-Date.
  7. National Central University, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Adjunct Professor 2000-Date.
  8. National Taiwan University, Dept. of Atmospheric Sciences, Adjunct Professor 2000-Date.
  9. Georgia Power/ Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar Chair and Professor, School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences,
    Georgia Institute of Technology, March 1996-November 1999
  10. Director, Air Resources and Engineering Center, Georgia Institute of Technology, October 1997-1999
  11. Program Chief and Supervisory Research Physicist, Theoretical Aeronomy, Aeronomy Lab., NOAA,
    September 1980-March 1996
  12. Visiting Professor, National Taiwan University, August 1992-July 1993
  13. Research Physicist, Theoretical Aeronomy, Aeronomy Lab., NOAA, December 1977-August 1980
  14. Adjunct Lecturer, Astro Planetary and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Colorado August 1979-June 1988
  15. Visiting Scientist, National Center for Atmospheric Research, August 1977-December 1977
  16. Associate Research Scientist, Space Physics Research Lab., University of Michigan, August 1976-July 1977
  17. Assistant Research Scientist, Space Physics Research Lab., University of Michigan, July 1974-July 1976
  18. Post-Doctoral Fellow, University of Pittsburgh, January 1973-June 1974

Research Interests
  Atmospheric chemistry, air quality, budgets of trace gases and aerosols, biogeochemical cycles, and climate change.

Awards/Honors
  1. Elected Member, Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS), 2013  
  2. Academician, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, R.O.C., 2012
  3. ISI Highly Cited Researcher, total citations: >6200, average citations per item:57, h-index: 47.
  4. CTCI Science and Technology Award (Environmental Sciences), 2005
  5. Fellow, Chinese Meteorological Society, inducted in 2004
  6. Chinese Meteorological Society, Dr. Shiah-Shen Huang Outstanding Paper Award, 2003
  7. Fellow, American Geophysical Union, inducted in 1994
  8. NOAA Administrator Award, 1993
  9. NOAA, Three ERL Outstanding Paper Awards - 1981, 1989, and 1990

Professional Activities
  1. Member, American Geophysical Union
  2. Member, American Physics Society
  3. NSF Panel on Tropospheric Chemistry, 1981-1982
  4. NAS Panel on Global Tropospheric Chemistry, 1982-1983.
  5. International Ozone Commission, 1990-1997.
  6. NRC Committee to Assess the North American Research Strategy for Tropospheric
  7. Ozone (NARSTO) Program, 1997-2000.
  8. Advisory Board of the Chinese National Climate Center, 1996-date.
  9. Co-mission scientist, Western Pacific Tropospheric Chemistry Experiments, 1990-1996
  10. Steering Committee, NASA Global Tropospheric Experiments (GTE), 1988-date.
  11. Executive Committee, IGBP-IGAC-APARE, 1989-1998
  12. Co-convener, NSF/NOAA Stratosphere-Troposphere Experiments: Radiation, Aerosols, and
  13. Ozone (STERAO), 1995-1997.
  14. Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Geophysical Research (Atmospheres), 1988-1991.
  15. Editorial Board, Geophysical Abstracts, 1990-1997
  16. Associate Editor, Acta Meteorological Sinica, 1989-date
  17. Advisory Panel, National Center for Atmospheric Research/Atmospheric Chemistry Division, 1998-2000.
  18. Guest Editor, TAO, Special issue on Asian Dust Storms and Effects on Taiwan, 2004.
  19. Scientific Steering Committee, IGBP-IGAC, 2001-date.
  20. Executive Committee, Chinese Geophysical Association, Taiwan, ROC, 2000-date.
  21. Executive Committee, Chinese Atmospheric Association, Taiwan, ROC, 2000-date.
  22. Executive Committee, Chinese IGBP, Taiwan, ROC, 2000-date.
  23. President, Chinese Geosciences Union, Taipei, Taiwan ROC, 2003-2004
  24. Co-chair, IGBP/IGAC (International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Program), 2003-2005
  25. President, IUGG-Taiwan, 2007-present.
  26. Executive Secretary, ICSU, Academia Sinica, Taipei 2007-present.

Publications (refereed)

  • Zhu, Chong-Shu, Cheng-Chieh Chen, Jun-Ji Cao, Chuen-Jinn Tsai, Charles C.-K. Chou, Shaw-Chen Liu and Gwo-Dong Roam, 2010, “Characterization of carbon fractions for atmospheric fine particles and nanoparticles in a highway tunnel”, ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT, 44( 23), 2668-2673.
  • Lu, Keding, Yuanhang Zhang, Hang Su, Theo Brauers, Charles C. Chou, Andreas Hofzumahaus, Liu, Shaw C. Liu, Kazuyuki Kita, Joerg Kleffmann, Yutaka Kondo, Min Shao, Andreas Wahner, Jialin Wang, Xuesong Wang, Peter Wiesen, Tong Zhu, 2010, “Oxidant (O3+NO2) production processes and formation regimes in Beijing”, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, 115.
  • Chang, Tzu-Yin, Yuei-An Liou, Chuan-Yao Lin, Shaw-Chen Liu, Yi-Chen Wang, 2010, “Evaluation of surface heat fluxes in Chiayi plain of Taiwan by remotely sensed data”, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 31(14), 3885-3898.
  • Lin, Chuan-Yao, C.-C. Chang, C.Y. Chan, C.H. Kuo, W.-C. Chen, D. Allen Chu and Shaw C. Liu, 2010, “Characteristics of springtime profiles and sources of ozone in the low troposphere over northern Taiwan”, ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT, 44(2), 182-193.
  • Liu, S. C., C. Fu, C.-J. Shiu, J.-P. Chen, and F. Wu, 2009. Temperature dependence of global precipitation extremes, Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L17702, doi:10.1029/2009GL040218.
  • Shiu, C.-J., S. C. Liu, and J.-P., Chen, 2009. Diurnally asymmetric trends of temperature, humidity and precipitation in Taiwan, Journal of Climate, 22, doi:10.1175/2009JCLI2514.1.
  • Chang, C. C., L. L. Wang, S. C. C. Lung, S. C. Liu, and C. J. Shiu. 2009. Source characterization of ozone precursors by complementary approaches of vehicular indicator and principal component analysis. Atmospheric Environment 43 (10):1771-1778.
  • Yuan, Z. B., A. K. H. Lau, M. Shao, P. K. K. Louie, S. C. Liu, and T. Zhu. 2009. Source analysis of volatile organic compounds by positive matrix factorization in urban and rural environments in Beijing. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 114. DOI 10.1029/2008jd011190.
  • Tang, J. H., L. Y. Chan, C. C. Chang, S. Liu, and Y. S. Li. 2009. Characteristics and sources of non-methane hydrocarbons in background atmospheres of eastern, southwestern, and southern China. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 114. DOI 10.1029/2008jd010333.
  • Chou, C. C. K., C. Y. Tsai, C. J. Shiu, S. C. Liu, and T. Zhu. 2009. Measurement of NOy during Campaign of Air Quality Research in Beijing 2006 (CAREBeijing-2006): Implications for the ozone production efficiency of NOx. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 114. DOI 10.1029/2008jd010446.
  • Lin, C. C., K. L. Huang, S. J. Chen, S. C. Liu, J. H. Tsai, Y. C. Lin, and W. Y. Lin. 2009. NH4+, NO3-, and SO42- in roadside and rural size-resolved particles and transformation of NO2/SO2 to nanoparticle-bound NO3-/SO42-. Atmospheric Environment 43 (17):2731-2736.
  • Hsu, S. C., S. C. Liu, R. Arimoto, T. H. Liu, Y. T. Huang, F. J. Tsai, F. J. Lin, and S. J. Kao. 2009. Dust deposition to the East China Sea and its biogeochemical implications. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 114. DOI 10.1029/2008jd011223.
  • Hsu, S. C., S. C. Liu, Y. T. Huang, C. C. K. Chou, S. C. C. Lung, T. H. Liu, J. Y. Tu, and F. J. Tsai. 2009. Long-range southeastward transport of Asian biosmoke pollution: Signature detected by aerosol potassium in Northern Taiwan. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres 114. DOI 10.1029/2009jd011725.
  • Liu, S. C., (2008): A review of ozone formation in megacities of East Asia and its potential impact on ozone trends, In: Recent Progress in Atmospheric Sciences: Applications to the Asia-Pacific Region. P438-457. edited by K. N. Liou and M.-D. Chou., Published by World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.
  • Chou, C. C. K., C. T. Lee, C. S. Yuan, W. C. Hsu, C. Y. Lin, S. C. Hsu, and S. C. Liu. 2008. Implications of the chemical transformation of Asian outflow aerosols for the long-range transport of inorganic nitrogen species. Atmospheric Environment 42 (32):7508-7519.
  • Hsu, S. C., S. C. Liu, Y. T. Huang, S. C. C. Lung, F. J. Tsai, J. Y. Tu, and S. J. Kao. 2008. A criterion for identifying Asian dust events based on Al concentration data collected from northern Taiwan between 2002 and early 2007. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres 113 (D18). DOI 10.1029/2007jd009574.
  • Lin, C. Y., F. Chen, J. C. Huang, W. C. Chen, Y. A. Liou, W. N. Chen, and S. C. Liu. 2008. Urban heat island effect and its impact on boundary layer development and land-sea circulation over northern Taiwan. Atmospheric Environment 42 (22):5635-5649.
  • Lin, C. Y., W. C. Chen, S. C. Liu, Y. A. Liou, G. R. Liu, and T. H. Lin. 2008. Numerical study of the impact of urbanization on the precipitation over Taiwan. Atmospheric Environment 42 (13):2934-2947.
  • Wang, J. L., C. H. Wang, C. H. Lai, C. C. Chang, Y. Liu, Y. H. Zhang, S. Liu, and M. Shao. 2008. Characterization of ozone precursors in the Pearl River Delta by time series observation of non-methane hydrocarbons. Atmospheric Environment 42 (25):6233-6246.
  • Zhang, Y. H., M. Hu, S. C. Liu, and A. Wiedensohler. 2008. The special issue on PRIDE-PRD2004 campaign. Atmospheric Environment 42 (25):6155-6156.
  • Zhang, Y. H., M. Hu, L. J. Zhong, A. Wiedensohler, S. C. Liu, M. O. Andreae, W. Wang, and S. J. Fan. 2008. Regional Integrated Experiments on Air Quality over Pearl River Delta 2004 (PRIDE-PRD2004): Overview. Atmospheric Environment 42 (25):6157-6173.
  • Chan, C. Y., Y. S. Li, J. H. Tang, Y. K. Leung, M. C. Wu, L. Y. Chan, C. C. Chang, and S. C. Liu. 2007. An analysis on abnormally low ozone in the upper troposphere over subtropical East Asia in spring 2004. Atmospheric Environment 41 (17):3556-3564.
  • Chang, S. Y., C. T. Lee, C. C. K. Chou, S. C. Liu, and T. X. Wen. 2007. The continuous field measurements of soluble aerosol compositions at the Taipei Aerosol Supersite, Taiwan. Atmospheric Environment 41 (9):1936-1949.
  • Hsu, S. C., S. C. Liu, S. J. Kao, W. L. Jeng, Y. T. Huang, C. M. Tseng, F. Tsai, J. Y. Tu, and Y. Yang. 2007. Water-soluble species in the marine aerosol from the northern South China Sea: High chloride depletion related to air pollution. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 112 (D19). DOI 10.1029/2007jd008844.
  • Lin, C. Y., Z. F. Wang, C. C. K. Chou, C. C. Chang, and S. C. Liu, 2007. A numerical study of an autumn high ozone episode over southwestern Taiwan. Atmospheric Environment 41 (17):3684-3701.
  • Shiu, C. J., S. C. Liu, C. C. Chang, J. P. Chen, C. C. K. Chou, C. Y. Lin, and C. Y. Young. 2007. Photochemical production of ozone and control strategy for Southern Taiwan. Atmospheric Environment 41 (40):9324-9340.
  • Tang, J. H., L. Y. Chan, C. Y. Chan, Y. S. Li, C. C. Chang, S. C. Liu, and Y. D. Li. 2007. Nonmethane hydrocarbons in the transported and local air masses at a clean remote site on Hainan Island, south China. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 112 (D14). DOI 10.1029/2006jd007796.
  • Tang, J. H., L. Y. Chan, C. Y. Chan, Y. S. Li, C. C. Chang, S. C. Liu, D. Wu, and Y. D. Li. 2007. Characteristics and diurnal variations of NMHCs at urban, suburban, and rural sites in the Pearl River Delta and a remote site in South China. Atmospheric Environment 41 (38):8620-8632.
  • Chang,Chih-Chung, Wang, Jia-Lin, Liu, S. C. and Lung, Shih-Chun (2006). Assessment of vehicular and non-vehicular contributions to hydrocarbons using exclusive vehicular indicators. Atmospheric Environment, 40, pp.6349-6361.
  • Chou, C. C-K, Liu, S. C., Lin, C-Y, Shiu, C-J and Chang, K-H (2006). The trend of surface ozone in Taipei, Taiwan, and its causes: implications for ozone control strategies. Atmospheric Environment, 40, pp.3898-3908.
  • Hsu SC, Liu SC, Jeng WL, et al. (2006): Lead isotope ratios in ambient aerosols from Taipei, Taiwan: Identifying long-range transport of airborne Pb from the Yangtze Delta, Atmospheric Environment, 40 (28): 5393-5404.
  • Hsu SC, Liu SC, Jeng WL, et al. (2005) Variations of Cd/Pb and Zn/Pb ratios in Taipei aerosols reflecting long-range transport or local pollution emissions., SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, 347 (1-3): 111-121.
  • Lin, C.-Y., S. C. Liu, Charles C.-K. Chou , Saint-Jer Huang , Chung-Ming Liu, Ching-Huei, Kuo , and Chea-Yuan Young, 2005: Long-range transport of aerosols and their impact on the air quality of Taiwan. Atmospheric Environment, 39, 6066-6076.
  • Chang, C. C., Chen, T. Y., Chuan-Yao Lin, Chung-Shin Yuan, S. C. Liu, 2005. “Effects of Reactive Hydrocarbonson Ozone Formation in Southern Taiwan” Atmospheric Environment 39, 2867-2878.
  • Chang C. C, T-Y Chen, C Chou and SC Liu. Assessment of traffic contribution of hydrocarbons by using 2,2-dimethylbutane as a vehicular indicator. Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences. 15. 697-711, 2004.
  • Chou CCK, CY Lin, TK Chen, SC Hsu, SC Lung, SC Liu and CY Young. Influence of long-range transported dust particles on local air quality: A case study on the Asian dust episodes in Taipei during the spring of 2002. Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 15, 881-900, 2004.
  • Lin CY, SC Liu, CCK Chou, TH Liu, CT Lee, CS Yuan, CJ Shiu and CY Young. Long-range transport of Asian dust and air pollutants to Taiwan. Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 15, 759-784, 2004.
  • Lung SCC, CH Liu, SY Huang, TJ Lin, CCK Chou and SC Liu. Water-soluble ions of aerosols in Taipei in spring 2002. Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 15, 901-924, 2004.
  • Hsu SC, SC Liu, CY Lin, RT Hsu, YT Huang and YW Chen. Metal Compositions and Characterizations of PM10 and PM2.5 Aerosols in Taipei during the Springtime, 2002. Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences. 15, 925-948, 2004.
  • Wang CC, CT Lee, SC Liu, and JP Chen. Aerosol characterozation at Taiwan’s northern tip during ACE-Asia, Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 15, 839-856, 2004.
  • Davis, D. D., et al. (2003), An assessment of western North Pacific ozone photochemistry based on springtime observations from NASA's PEM-West B (1994) and TRACE-P (2001) field studies, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D21), 8829, JD003232.
  • Tsai, F., T.-H. Liu, S. C. Liu, T.-Y. Chen, T. L. Anderson, S. J. Masonis, Model Simulation and Analysis of Coarse and Fine Particle Distributions During ACE-Asia, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D19S20, doi: 10. 1029/2003 JD003665.
  • Chou, C. C.-K., T. Chen, S. Huang, and S. C. Liu (2003), Radiative Absorption Capability of Asian Dust with Black Carbon Contamination, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(12), 1616, doi:10.1029/2003GL017076.
  • Ko, M. et al., Photochemical Ozone Budget during the BIBLE-A and B Campaign, J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D3), 8404, 2003.
  • Koike et al., Reactive nitrogen over the tropical Western Pacific: Influence from lightning and biomass burning during BIBLE-A, J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D3), 8403, 2003.
  • Kondo et al., Effects of biomass burning, lightning and convection on O3, CO, and NOy over the tropical Pacific and Australia in August-October 1998-1999, J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D3), 8402, 2003.
  • DiNunno, B., D. Davis, G. Chen, J. Crawford, J. Olson, and S. Liu (2003), An assessment of ozone photochemistry in the central/eastern North Pacific as determined from multiyear airborne field studies, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D2), 8237, doi:10.1029/2001JD001468.
  • Liu, S. C., Chung-Ho Wang, Chein-Jung Shiu, Hsiu-Wu Chang, Chang-Keng Hsiao and Shuh-Haung Liaw, Reduction in Sunshine Duration over Taiwan: Causes and Implications, Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 13, 523-546, 2002.
  • Yu, H., S. C. Liu, and R. E. Dickinson, Radiative effects of aerosols on the evolution of the atmospheric boundary layer, J. Geophys. Res., 107(D12), 10.1029/2001JD000754, 2002.
  • Liu, S.C., and C-J Shiu, Asian Dust Storms and Their Impact on the Air Quality of Taiwan, Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 1, 1-8, 2001.
  • Wang, Y., S. C. Liu et al., Factors controlling tropospheric O3, OH, NOx, and SO2 over the tropical Pacific during PEM-Tropics B, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 32733-32747, 2001.
  • Davis D., G. Grodzinsky, P. Kasibhatla, J. Crawford, G. Chen, S. Liu, A. Bandy, D. Thornton, H. Guan, and S. Sandholm, Impact of ship Emissions on marine boundary layer NOx and SO2 Distributions over the Pacific Basin, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 235-238,2001.
  • Wang, Y., S. C. Liu, H. Yu, S. T. Sandholm, D. R. Blake, and T. Chen, Influence of convection and biomass burning outflow on tropospheric chemistry over the tropical Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 9321-9333, 2000.
  • Wang, Y., S. C. Liu, B. E. Anderson, G. W. Sachse, S. A. Vay, Y. Kondo, A. Thompson, and H. Singh Evidence of convection of a dominant source of condensation nuclei in the northern mid-latitude upper troposphere, Geophy. Res. Letters, 27, 369-372, 2000.
  • Koike M., Y. Kondo, H. Ikeda, B. E. Anderson, G. W. Sachse, D. Blake, S. C. Liu, H. B. Singh, A. Thompson, K. Kita, Y. Zhao, T. Sugita, R. E. Shetter, and N. Toriyama, Impact of aircraft emissions on reactive nitrogen over the North Atlantic Flight Corridor region, J. Geophys. Res.,105, 3665-3677, 2000
  • Bradshaw, J., D. D. Davis, G. Grodzinsky, S. Smyth, R. E. Newell, S. Sandholm and S. C. Liu, Observed distributions of nitrogen oxides in the remote free troposphere from NASA GTE Programs, Review of Geophysics, 38, 61-116, 2000.
  • Crawford, J., D. Davis, J. Olson, G. Chen, S. Liu, H. Fuelberg, J. Hannan, Y. Kondo, B. Anderson, G. Gregory, G. Sachse, R. Talbot, A. Viggiano, B. Heikes, J. Snow, H. Singh, and D. Blake, Evolution and chemical consequences of lightning produced NOx observed in the N. Atlantic upper troposphere, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 105, pp. 19,795 - 19,805, 2000.
  • Chameides W. L., H. Yu, S. C. Liu, M. Bergin, X. Zhou, L. Mearns, G. Wang, C. S. Kiang, R. D. Saylor, C. Luo, Y. Huang, A. Steiner, and F. Giorgi: Case study of the effects of atmospheric aerosols and regional haze on agriculture: An opportunity to enhance crop yields in China through emission controls? Proceedings of National Academy Sciences, Nov 23 1999; 96: 13626-13633.
  • Kondo Y., M. Koike, H. Ikeda, B. E. Anderson, K. E. Brunke, Y. Zhao, K. Kita, T. Sugita, H. B. Singh, S. C. Liu, L. Jeagle, A. Thompson, G. L. Gregory, R. E. Shetter, G. W. Sachse, E. V. Browell, and M. J. Mahoney, Impact of aircraft emissions on NOx in the lowermost stratosphere at northern midlatitudes, Geophy. Res. Letters, 26, 3065-3068, 1999.
  • Liu, S. C., H. Yu, B. Ridley, Y. Wang, D. D. Davis, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, B. E. Anderson, G. W. Sachse, S. A. Vay, G. L. Gregory, H. Fuelburg, A. Thompson, and H. Singh, Sources of Reactive Nitrogen in the Upper Troposphere During SONEX, Geophy. Res. Letters, 26, 2441-2444, 1999.
  • Liu, C. M., H. W. Chang, and S. C. Liu, An analysis of Lanyu baseline measurement data, Atmospheric Sciences, 27, 99-130, 1999.
  • Smyth, S., S. Sandholm, B. Shumaker, W. Mitch, A. Kanvinde, J. Bradshaw , S. C. Liu, S.A. McKeen, G.L. Gregory, B. Anderson, R. Talbot, D. Blake, M. Fenn, J. Merrill, S. Bachmeier, G.W. Sachse, and J. Collins, Characterization of the Chemical Signatures of Air Masses Observed During the PEM Experiments Over the Western Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 16243-16254, 1999.
  • Crawford, J., D. Davis, J. Olson, G. Chen, S. Sandholm, S. C. Liu, G. Gregory, G. Sachse, J. Barrick, D. Blake, R. and H. Singh, Assessment of upper tropospheric HOx sources over the tropical Pacific based on NASA GTE/PEM data: Net effect on OH and other photochemical parameters, Journal of Geophysical Research, 104, 16255-16274, 1999.
  • Chameides, W. L., X. Li, X. Tang, X. Zhou, C. Luo, C. S. Kiang, J. St. John, R. D. Saylor, S. C. Liu, K. S. Lam, T. Wang, F. Giorgi, Possible effects of ozone pollution on crop yield in China, Geophy. Res. Letters, 26, 867-870, 1999.
  • Liu, S. C., and H. B. Yu, Modelling the vertical distributions of non-methane hydrocarbons and their potential impact on the background atmosphere, in NATO Report V-102, KFA, Juelich, Germany, 1999.
  • Crawford, J. H., D.D. Davis, Chen, J. Bradshaw, S. Sandholm, Y. Kondo, J. Merrill, S. Liu, E. Browell, G. Gregory, B. Anderson, G. Sachse, J. Barrick, D. Blake, R. Talbot, and R. Pueschel., Implications of large scale shifts in tropospheric NOx levels in the remote tropical Pacific, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 28447-28468, 1997.
  • Crawford, J. H., D. Davis, G. Chen, J. Bradshaw, S. Sandholm, Y. Kondo, S. Liu, E. Browell, G. Gregory, B. Anderson, G. Sachse, J. Collins, J. Barrick, D. Blake, R. Talbot, and H. Singh, An assessment of ozone photochemistry in the extratropical western North Pacific: Impact of continental outflow during the late winter/early spring, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 28469-28488, 1997.
  • Hoell, Jr., J. M. D. D. Davis, S. C. Liu, R. E. Newell, H. Akimoto, R. J. McNeal, and R. J. Bendura, The Pacific Exploratory Mission-West B (PEM-West B): Feb-March 1994, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 28223-28240, 1997.
  • Kotamarthi, V. R., J. M. Rodriguez, N. K. Sze, U. Kondo, R. Pueschel, G. Ferry, J. Bradshaw S. Sandholm, G. Gregory, D. Davis, and S. Liu, Evidence of Heterogeneous Chemistry on Sulfate Aerosols in Stratospheric Air Masses in PEM-West B, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 28425-28436, 1997.
  • McKeen, S. A., G. Mount, F. Eisele, E. Williams, J. Harder, P. Goldan, W. Kuster, S.C. Liu, K. Baumann, D. Tanner, A. Fried, S. Sewell, C. Cantrell, R. Shetter., Photochemical modeling of hydroxyl and its relationship to other species during the Tropospheric OH Photochemistry Experiment, Journal of Geophysical Research, 102, 6467-6494, 1997.
  • McKeen, S. A., T. Gierczak, J.B. Burkholder, P.O. Wennberg, T.F. Hanisco, E.R. Keim, R.-S. Gao, S.C. Liu, A.R. Ravishankara, and D.W. Fahey., The photochemistry of acetone in the upper troposphere: A source of odd-hydrogen radicals, Geophy. Res. Letters, 24, 3177-3180, 1997.
  • Newell, R. E., E. V. Browell, D. D. Davis, and S. C. Liu, Correspondence between tropospheric ozone and potential vorticity in the western Pacific, Geophys. Res. Letters, 24, 2733-2736, 1997.
  • Atlas, E. L. B. Ridley, J. Walega, J. Greenberg, G. Kok, T. Staffelbach, S. Schauffler, J. Lind, G. Hubler, R. Norton, GTE PEM-West Science Team, E. Dlugokencky, J. Elkins, S. Oltmans, G. Mackay, and D. Karecki., A Comparison of Aircraft and Ground-based Measurements at Mauna Loa Observatory, Hawaii During GTE PEM-WEST A and MLOPEX II, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 14599-14612, 1996.
  • Browell, E. V. M. A. Fenn, C.F. Butler, W.B. Grant, J.T. Merrill, R.E. Newell, J.D. Bradshaw, S.T. Sandholm, B.E. Anderson, A.R. Bandy, A.S. Bachmeier, D.R. Blake, D.D. Davis, G. L. Gregory, B. G. Heikes, Y. Kondo, S.C. Liu, R.S. Rowland, G.W. Sachse, H. B. Singh R.W. Talbot, and D.C. Thornton, Large-Scale Air Mass Characteristics Observed Over The Western Pacific During The Summertime, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 1691-1712, 1996.
  • Davis, D. D. J. Crawford, G. Chen, W. Chemeides, S. Liu, J. Bradshaw, S. Sandholm, G. Sachse, G. Gregory, B. Anderson, J. Barrick, A Bachmeier, J. Collins, E. Browell, D. Blake, S. Rowland, Y. Kondo, H. Singh, R. Talbot, B. Heikes, J. Merrill J. Rodriguez, and R.E. Newell, Assessment Of Ozone Photochemistry In The Western North Pacific As Inferred From PEM West A Observations During Fall 1991, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 2111-2134, 1996.
  • Davis, D. D., J. Crawford, S. C. Liu, S. A. McKeen, A. Bandy, D. Thornton, F. S. Rowland, and D. Blake, Potential impact of iodine on tropospheric levels of ozone and other critical oxidizing species, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 2135-2147, 1996.
  • Heikes, B. G. Meehye Lee, J. Bradshaw, S. Sandholm, D.D. Davis, J. Crawford, Jose Rodriguez, S. Liu, S. McKeen, D. Thornton, A. Bandy G. Gregory, R. Talbot, and D. Blake, Hydrogen Peroxide and Methylhydroperoxide Distributions Related to Ozone and Odd-hydrogen Over the North Pacific In The Fall of 1991, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 1891-1906, 1996.
  • Hoell, Jr., J. M. D.D Davis, S. C. Liu, R. Newell, M. Shipham, H. Akimoto, R. J. McNeal, R. J. Bendura, and J.W. Drewry., The Pacific Exploratory Mission-West (PEM-West A): September-October 1991, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 1641-1654, 1996.
  • Liu, S. C., S.A. McKeen, E-Y Hsie, X. Lin, K.K. Kelly, J.D. Bradshaw S. T. Sandholm, E.V. Browell, G.L. Gregory, G.W. Sachse, A.R.Bandy, D.C. Thornton, D.R. Blake, F.S. Rowland, R. Newell, B.G. Heikes, H. Singh, and R.W. Talbot., A Model Study of Tropospheric Trace Species During PEM-West A: Continental vs Marine, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 2073-2086, 1996.
  • McKeen, S. A., S. C. Liu, E.-Y. Hsie, X. Lin, J. D. Bradshaw, S. Smyth, G. L. Gregory and D. R. Blake, Hydrocarbon Ratios During PEM-West(A): A Model Perspective, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 2087-2110, 1996.
  • Newell, R. E. W. Hu, Z-X. Wu, Y. Zhu, H. Akimoto, B.E. Anderson E.V. Browell, G.L. Gregory, G.W. Sachse, M.C. Shipham, A. S. Bachmeier, A.R. Bandy, D.C. Thornton, D.R. Blake, F.S. Rowland, J. D. Bradshaw, J.H. Crawford, D.D. Davis, S.T. Sandholm, W.Brockett, L. DeGreef, D. Lewis, D. McCormick, E. Monitz, J.E. Collins Jr., B.G.Heikes, J.T. Merrill, K.K. Kelly, S.C. Liu, U. Kondo, M. Koike, C.-M, Liu, F. Sakamaki, H.B. Singh, J.E. Kibb, and R.W. Talbot. Atmospheric Sampling of Super-Typhoon Mireille With The NASA DC-8 Aircraft on September 27, 1991 During PEM-West A, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 1853-1872, 1996.
  • Newell, R. E. Yong Zhu, Edward V. Browell, Syed Ismail, William G. Read, Joe W. Waters, Kenneth K. Kelly, and Shaw C. Liu. Upper Tropospheric Water Vapor and Cirrus: Comparison of DC-8 Observations, Preliminary UARS MLS Measurements and Meteorological Analysis, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 1931-1942, 1996.
  • Newell, R. E. Z.-X. Wu, Yhu, W. Hu, E.V. Browell, G. L. Gregory, G.W. Sachse, J.E. Collins Jr., K.K. Kelly, and S. C. Liu., Vertical Fine Scale Atmospheric Structure Measured From the NASA DC-8 During PEM-West A, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 1943-1960, 1996.
  • Singh, H. D. Herlth, R. Kolyer, L. Salas, J.D. Bradshaw, S.T. Sandholm D.D. Davis, J.Crawford, Y. Kondo, M. Koike, R. Talbot, G.L. Gregory, G.W. Sanchse, E. Browell, D.R. Blake, F.S. Rowland, R. Newell, J. Merrill, B. Heikes, S.C. Liu, P. J. Crutzen, M. Kanakidou., Reactive Nitrogen and Ozone Over The Western Pacific: Distribution, Partitioning and Sources, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 1793-1808, 1996.
  • Smyth, S., J. Bradshaw, S. Sandholm, S. Liu, S. McKeen, G. Gregory, B. Anderson, R. Talbot, D. Blake, S. Rowland, E. Browell, M. Fenn, J. Merrill, S. Bachmeier, G. Sachse, J. Collins, D. Thornton, D. Davis, and H. Singh, Comparison Of Free Tropospheric Western Pacific Air Mass Classification Schemes For The PEM-WA Experiment, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 1743-1762,1996.
  • Zheng, J., A. J. Weinheimer, B. A. Ridley, S. C. Liu, G. W. Sachse, B. E. Anderson, and J. E. Collins, Jr., An analysis of small and large scale increases of reactive nitrogen observed during the second Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition (AASE-II), , Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 28805-28814, 1996.
  • Liu, C-M, S. C. Liu and PEM-West A Science Team, Airborne measurements of chemical species near Taiwan during mid-autumn, Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 6, 200-335, 1995.
  • Liu, S. C., S.A. McKeen, and F. C. Fehsenfeld, Tropospheric Ozone: Strategy for Control of its Precursors, in The Chemistry of the Atmosphere, Ed. J.G. Calvert, Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford, England. 275-284, 1994.
  • Lin, X., B. A. Ridley, J. Walega, G. F. Hubler, S. A. McKeen, E.-Y. Hsie, M. Trainer, F. C. Fehsenfeld, and S. C. Liu, A parameterization of subgrid scale convective cloud transport in a mesoscale regional chemistry model, Journal of Geophysical Research, 99, 25615-25630, 1994.
  • Liu, C. M., Y. W. Tsay, T. L. Tso, G. K. Lo, and S. C. Liu, The composition of non-methane hydrocarbon and the surface ozone production in Taiwan, Atmospheric Sciences, 22, 431-445, 1994.
  • Zheng, J., A. J. Weinheimer, B. A. Ridley, S. C. Liu, G. W. Sachse, B. E. Anderson, and J. E. Collins Jr., An analysis of aircraft exhaust plumes from accidental encounters, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2579-2582, 1994.
  • McKeen, S.A. and S. C. Liu, Hydrocarbon ratios and photochemical history of air masses, Geophysical Research Letters, 20, 2363-2366, 1993.
  • Murphy, D.M., D.W. Fahey, M.H. Proffitt, S. C. Liu, C.S. Eubank, S.R. Kawa, and K.K. Kelly, Reactive nitrogen and its correlation with ozone in the lower stratosphere and upper troposphere, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 8751-8774, 1993.
  • London, J., and S. C. Liu, Long-term tropospheric and lower stratospheric ozone variations from ozonesonde observations, Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, 54, 599-625, 1992.
  • Hubler, G., D.D. Montzka, R.B. Norton, P.C. Murphy, F. C. Fehsenfeld, S. C. Liu, Total reactive oxidized nitrogen (NOy) in the remote pacific troposphere, MLOPEX 1988, Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 10,427-10,447, 1992.
  • Liu, S. C., M. Trainer, M.A. Carroll, G. Hubler, D.D. Montzka, R.B. Norton, B.A. Ridley, J.G. Walega, E.L. Atlas, B.G. Heikes, B.J. Huebert, and W. Warren, A study of the photochemistry and ozone budget during MLOPEX, Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 10,463-10,471, 1992.
  • Liu, C-M, Liu, S. C., A study of the winter surface ozone in Taipei, Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 69, 161-169, 1991.
  • McKeen, S.A., E.Y. Hsie, M. Trainer, R. Tallamraju, and S. C. Liu, A regional model study of the ozone budget in the Eastern United States, Journal of Geophysical Research, 96, 10809-10846, 1991.
  • Trainer, M., M.P. Buhr, C.M. Curran, F. C. Fehsenfeld, E.Y. Hsie, S. C. Liu, R.B. Norton, D.D. Parrish, E.J. Williams, B.W. Gandrud, B.A. Ridley, J.D. Shetter, E.J. Allwine, and H.H. Westberg, Observations and modeling of the reactive nitrogen photochemistry at a rural site, Journal of Geophysical Research, 96, 3045-3064, 1991.
  • McKeen, S.A., E.Y. Hsie, and S. C. Liu, A study of the dependence of rural ozone on ozone precursors in the eastern United States, Journal of Geophysical Research, 96, 15377-15394, 1991.
  • Schnell, R.C., S. C. Liu, S.J. Oltmans, R.S. Stone, D.J. Hofmann, E.G. Dutton, T. Deshler, W.T. Sturges, J.W. Harder, S.D. Sewell, M. Trainer, and J.M. Harris, Decrease of summer tropospheric ozone concentrations in Antarctica, Nature, 351, 726-729, 1991.
  • Fehsenfeld, F. C., and S. C. Liu, Tropospheric ozone: Distribution and sources, in global atmospheric chemical change, Ed. W.T. Sturges, Elsevier Applied Science, London and New York, 1991.
  • Liu, S. C., S.A. McKeen, and S. Madronich, Effect of anthropogenic aerosols on biologically active ultra violet radiation, Geophysical Research Letters, 18, 2265-2268, 1991.
  • Parrish, D.D., C.H. Hahn, D.W. Fahey, E.J. Williams, M.J. Bollinger, G. Hubler, M.P. Buhr, P.C. Murphy, M. Trainer, E.Y. Hsie, S. C. Liu, and F. C. Fehsenfeld, Systematic variations in the concentration of NOx (NO plus NO2) at Niwot Ridge, Colorado, Journal of Geophysical Research, 95, 1817-1836, 1990.
  • McKeen, S.A., M. Trainer, E.Y. Hsie, R.K. Tallamraju, and S. C. Liu, On the indirect determination of atmospheric OH radical concentrations from reactive hydrocarbon measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, 95, 7395-7682, 1990.
  • Liu, C-M, S. C. Liu, and S-H Shen, A study of Taipei ozone problem, Atmospheric Environment, 24A, 1461-1472,1990.
  • Liu, S. C., S. McKeen, and M. Trainer, Impacts of biogenic nonmethane hydrocarbons on the tropospheric chemistry, Our Changing Atmosphere, (eds.) P.J. Crutzen, J.C. Gerard, and R. Zander, Liege, Belgium, 1989.
  • Fehsenfeld, F. (chairman), Hov (rapporteur), G.A. Ancellet, R.A. Cox, D. Ehhalt, H. Hakola, M. Legrand, S. C. Liu, NOx in the troposphere, I.S.A. Isaksen (ed.), Tropospheric Ozone, 393-401, 1988.
  • Liu, S. C., and M. Trainer, Responses of tropospheric ozone and odd hydrogen radicals to column ozone change, J. Atmospheric Chemistry, 6, 221-233, 1988.
  • Lin, X., M. Trainer, and S. C. Liu, On the nonlinearity of the tropospheric ozone production, J. of Geophy. Res., 93, 15879-15888, 1988.
  • Liu, S. C., Model studies of background ozone formation, I.S.A. Isaken (ed.), Tropospheric Ozone, 303-318, 1988.
  • Liu, S. C. (Rapporteur), R.A. Cox, P.J. Crutzen, D.H. Ehhalt (Moderator), R. Guicherit, A. Hofzumahaus, D. Kley, S.A. Penkett, L.F. Phillips, D. Poppe, F.S. Rowland, Oxidizing capacity of the atmosphere, The Changing Atmosphere, (eds.) F.S. Rowland and I.S.A. Isaksen, 1988.
  • Liu, S. C., M. Trainer, F. C. Fehsenfeld, D.D. Parrish, E.J. Williams, D.W. Fahey, G. Hubler, and P.C. Murphy, Ozone Production in the rural troposphere and the implication for regional and ozone distribution, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 4194-4207, 1987.
  • Parrish, D.D., E.J. Williams, D.W. Fahey, S. C. Liu, and F. C. Fehsenfeld, Measurement of nitrogen oxide fluxes from soils: Intercomparison of enclosure and gradient measurement techniques, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 2165-2170, 1987.
  • Trainer, M., E.J. Williams, D.D. Parrish, M.P. Buhr, F. C. Fehsenfeld, S. C. Liu, E.J. Allwine, and H.H. Westberg, Impact of natural hydrocarbons on rural ozone: Modeling and observations, Nature, 329, 705-707, 1987.
  • Trainer, M., E.Y. Hsie, S.A. McKeen, R. Tallamraju, D.D. Parrish, F. C. Fehsenfeld, and S. C. Liu, Impact of natural hydrocarbons on hydroxyl and peroxy radicals at a remote site, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 11879-11894, 1987.
  • Fahey, D.W., G. Hubler, D.D. Parrish, E.J. Williams, R.B. Norton, B.A. Ridley, S. C. Liu, and F. C. Fehsenfeld, Reactive Nitrogen Species in the Troposphere: Measurements of NO, NO2, HNO3, particulate nitrate, peroxyacetylnitrate (PAN), O3, and total reactive odd-nitrogen (NO4) at Niwot Ridge, CO., J. Geophys. Res., 91, 5361-5370, 1986.
  • Parrish, D.D., B. Huebert, R.B. Norton, M.J. Bollinger, S. C. Liu, M. Trainer, P.C. Murphy, D.L. Albritton, and F. C. Fehsenfeld, Measurement of HNO3 and NO3 particulate at a rural site in the Colorado mountains, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 5379-5393, l986.
  • Parrish, D.D., D.W. Fahey, E.J. Williams, S. C. Liu, M. Trainer, P.C. Murphy, D.L. Albritton, and F. C. Fehsenfeld, Background ozone and anthropogenic ozone enhancement at Niwot Ridge, Colorado, J. Atmos. Chemistry, 4, 63-80, 1986.
  • Parrish, D.D., M. Trainer, E.J. Williams, D.W. Fahey, G. Hubler, C.S. Eubank, S. C. Liu, P.C. Murphy, D.L. Albritton, and F. C. Fehsenfeld, Measurement of the NOx-O3 photostationary state at Niwot Ridge, Colorado, J. Geophys. Res., 91, 5361-5370, 1986.
  • Levy, H. II, J.D. Mahlman, W.J. Moxim, and S. C. Liu, Tropospheric ozone: The role of transport, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 3753, 1985.
  • Singh, H. B., L. J. Salas, B. A. Ridley, J. D. Shetter, N. M. Donahue, F. C. Fehsenfeld, D. W. Fahey, D. D. Parrish, E. J. Williams, S. C. Liu, G. Hubler, and P. C. Murphy, Relationship between peroxyacetyl nitrate and nitrogen oxides in the clean troposphere, Nature, 318, 347-349, 1985.
  • Liu, S. C., and R. J. Cicerone, Fixed Nitrogen Cycle, Global Tropospheric Chemistry Report, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D. C., 1984.
  • Liu, S. C., J. R. McAfee, and R. J. Cicerone, Radon 222 and Tropospheric Vertical Transport, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 7291, 1984.
  • McKeen, S. A., S. C. Liu, and C. S. Kiang, On the Chemistry of Stratospheric SO2 from Volcanic Eruptions, J. Geophys. Res., 89, 4873, 1984.
  • Davis, D. D., H. Niki, T. Mohnen, and S. C. Liu, Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Transformation, Global Tropospheric Chemistry Report, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1984.
  • Dickinson, R., and S. C. Liu, The Role of Modeling in Understanding Tropospheric Chemical Processes, Global Tropospheric Chemistry Report, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, D. C., 1984.
  • Roberts, J. M., F. C. Fehsenfeld, S. C. Liu, M. J. Bollinger, C. Hahn, D. L. Albritton and R. E. Sievers, Regularities in the Composition of Aromatic Hydrocarbons Measured at Niwot Ridge, Colorado, Atmos. Environ., 18, 2421, 1984.
  • Albritton, D. L., S. C. Liu, and D. Kley, Global Nitrate Deposition from Lightning, Environmental Impact of Natural Emissions, edited by V. P. Aneja, Air Pollution Control Association, Pittsburgh, PA, 100-112, 1984.
  • Cicerone, R. J., S. Walters, and S. C. Liu, Nonlinear Response of Stratospheric Ozone Column to Chlorine Injections, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 3647-3661, 1983.
  • Fehsenfeld, F. C., M. J. Bollinger, S. C. Liu, D. D. Parrish, M. McFarland, D. Kley, P. C. Murphy, and D. L. Albritton, A Study of Surface Ozone at a Rural Site, J. Atmos. Chem., 1, 87-97, 1983.
  • Liu, S. C., M. McFarland , D. Kley, O. Zafiriou, and B. Huebert, The Budgets of Tropospheric NOx and O3 over the Equatorial Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 1360-1368, 1983.
  • Kley, D., J. W. Drummond, M. McFarland, and S. C. Liu, Tropospheric Profiles of NOx , J. Geophys. Res., 86, 3151-3161, 1981.
  • Zafiriou, O. C., J. Alford, M. Herrera, E. T. Peltzer, R. B. Gagasian, and S. C. Liu, Formaldehyde in Remote Air and Rain: Flux Measurements and Estimates, Geophys. Res. Lett., 1, 344, 1980.
  • Liu, S. C., D. Kley, M. McFarland, J. D. Mahlman, and H. Levy II, On the Origin of Tropospheric Ozone, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 7546-7552, 1980.
  • Thomas, G. E., C. A. Barth, E. R. Hansen, C. W. Hord, G. M. Lawrence, G. H. Mount, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, A. I. Steward, R. J. Thomas, J. London, P. L. Bailey, P. J. Crutzen, R. E. Dickinson, J. C. Gille, S. C. Liu, J. F. Noxon and C. B. Farmer: Scientific Objectives of the Solar Mesosphere Explorer Mission, Pure and Applied Geophysics, 118, 591-616,1980.
  • Kasting, J. F., S. C. Liu, and T. M. Donahue, Oxygen Levels in the Prebiological Atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 84, 3097-3107, 1979.
  • Liu, S. C., and G. C. Reid, Sodium and Other Minor Constituents of Meteoric Origin in the Atmosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 6, 283-286, 1979.
  • Fishman, J., V. Ramanathan, P. J. Crutzen, and S. C. Liu, Tropospheric Ozone and Climate, Nature, 282, 818-820, 1979
  • Frederick, J. E., D. W. Rusch and S. C. Liu, Nightglow Emissions of OH (X2): Comparison of Theory and Measurements in the (9-3) Band, J. Geophys. Res., 83, 3042-3050, 1978.
  • Cicerone, R. J., J. D. Shatter, S. C. Liu, Nitrous Oxide in Michigan Waters and U.S. Municipal Waters, Geophys. Res. Lett., 5, 173-176, 1978.
  • Dickinson, R. E., T. M. Donahue and S. C. Liu, Effect of Chlorofluoromethane Infrared Radiation on Zonal Atmospheric Temperatures, J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 2142-2152, 1978.
  • Kuhn, W., D. Kremmer, R. J. Cicerone, and S. C. Liu, Comparison of Ozone Profiles of Krueger and Minzner and Riegler et al.: Radiative Equilibrium Temperatures, Geophys. Res. Lett., 5, 365-368, 1978.
  • Liu, S. C., R. J. Cicerone, T. M. Donahue, and W. L. Chameides, Sources and Sinks of Atmospheric N2O and the Ozone Reduction Due to Industrial Fixed Nitrogen Fertilizer, Tellus, 29, 251-263, 1977.
  • Chameides, W. L., S. C. Liu, and R. J. Cicerone, Possible Variations in the Atmospheric Methane, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 17;95-1798, 1977.
  • Riegler, G. R., S. K. Atreya, T. M. Donahue, S. C. Liu, B. Wasser and J. F. Drake, UV Stellar Occultation Measurements of Nighttime Equatorial Ozone, Geophys. Res. Lett., 4, 145-148, 1977.
  • Liu, S. C., Possible Effects on Tropospheric O3 and OH Due to NO Emissions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 4, 325-328, 1977.
  • Liu, S. C., and T. M. Donahue, The Regulation of Hydrogen and Oxygen Escape from Mars, Icarus, 28, 231-2465, 1976.
  • Donahue, T. M., R. J. Cicerone, S. C. Liu, and W. L. Chameides, Effect of Odd Hydrogen on Ozone Depletion by Chlorine Reactions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 3, 105-108, 1976.
  • Liu, S. C., R. J. Cicerone, T. M. Donahue, and W. L. Chameides, Limitation of Fertilizer Induced Ozone Reduction by the Long Lifetime of the Reservoir of Fixed Nitrogen, Geophys. Res. Lett., 3, 157-160, 1976.
  • Liu, S. C., T. M. Donahue, R. J. Cicerone and W. L. Chameides, Effect of Water Vapor on the Destruction of Ozone in the Stratosphere Perturbed by ClX or NOx Pollutants, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 3111-3118, 1976.
  • Nagy, A. F., Liu, S. C., and D. J. Baker, Vibrationally-Excited Hydroxyl Molecules in the Lower Atmosphere, Geophys. Res. Lett., 3, 731-734,1976.
  • Riegler, G. R., J. F. Drake, S. C. Liu, and R. J. Cicerone, Stellar Occultation Measurements of Atmospheric Ozone and Chlorine from OAO-3, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 4997-5001, 1976.
  • Nagy, A. F., T. M. Donahue, S. C. Liu, S. K. Atreya, and P. M. Banks, A Model of the Venue Ionosphere, Geophys. Res. Letter., 2, 83-86, 1975.
  • Liu, S. C., and T. M. Donahue, The Aeronomy of Hydrogen in the Atmosphere of the Earth, J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 1118-1136, 1974.
  • Liu, S. C., and T. M. Donahue, Mesospheric Hydrogen Related to Exospheric Escape Mechanisms, J. Atoms. Sci., 31, 1466-1470, 1974.
  • Liu, S. C., and T. M. Donahue, Realistic Model of Hydrogen Constituents in the Lower Atmosphere and Escape Flux from the Upper Atmosphere, J. Atmos. Sci., 3l, 2238-2242, 1974.
  • Liu, S. C., and T. M. Donahue, The Aeronomy of the Upper Atmosphere of Venus, Icarus, 24, 148-156, 1974.

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